Africa Notes: An Assessment of Prospects for Ending Domestic Military Conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa - October 1995
October 1, 1995
The importance to nation-building of security (whether those challenging it are organized armies, politically motivated insurgents, or simple bandits) cannot be overemphasized. A reasonably secure environment is a prerequisite for orderly economic development, institutional growth, good governance, and effective humanitarian relief operations. Peacekeeping itself can succeed only with the cooperation of former belligerents. Thus, it is especially unfortunate that Africa has experienced extensive political and military violence over the past 35 years. The violence, in all its forms, has become even more widespread and predatory in the post-cold war era.
This contribution to CSIS Africa Notes begins with a brief historical review of African security issues during the cold war period, assesses the present situation, and concludes with some guarded predictions about the future.