Africa Notes: The MNR - July 15, 1983
July 15, 1983
In less than two years, the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (MNR) has spread itself across at least a third of the southeast African nation governed since independence in 1975 by the Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO) led by President Samora Machel. The MNR now periodically interdicts all of Mozambique's main road and rail communications, as well as its oil and electric power lines.
The MNR was set up in 1976 by Rhodesian intelligence. Its two purposes in this early period were to utilize Portuguese-speaking Mozambicans (black and white) to gather intelligence about Robert Mugabe's Mozambique-based Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA), and to harass the newly established government of President Samora Machel, which was providing sanctuary and support to Mugabe's guerrillas.