CCP Inc. in Portugal: China's Investments in Financial Services and the Reach of the Chinese Communist Party in the Private Sector

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This “CCP Inc.” case study explores how an ecosystem of Chinese party-state actors enabled a range of state-owned and private Chinese companies to embed themselves in Portugal’s financial system, creating a foothold to widen China’s financial presence within the country and beyond. The report specifically focuses on Fosun International Limited, a subsidiary of the Chinese conglomerate Fosun Group, which became a key source of foreign direct investment in Portugal through strategic acquisitions that opened market access for Chinese firms. Fosun’s investments in Portugal provide insight into the Chinese Communist Party’s activism in shaping the business environment for private sector players, as the company’s international strategy faced the challenge of balancing alignment with state goals against a regulatory crackdown on private sector outbound spending.

This report is made possible through the generous support of the Smith Richardson Foundation.

Andrew Polk
Senior Associate (Non-resident), Freeman Chair in China Studies