Evaluating Future U.S. Army Force Posture in Europe: Phase I Report


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This report offers a reexamination of U.S. Army force posture in Europe amid heightened tensions between the United States and Russia over the geopolitical orientation of Ukraine. This study reviews Russian military capabilities; considers alternative U.S. force posture arrangements; assesses how to determine whether assurance and deterrence goals are being met; and offers concrete recommendations in order to optimize the U.S. Army’s presence in Europe to deter Russian aggression against the most vulnerable NATO members.

Heather A. Conley

John O’Grady

Military Fellow, International Security Program

Jeffrey Rathke

Olga Oliker

Kathleen H. Hicks