Executive Summary: North Korea's Cyber Operations: Strategy and Responses

North Korea is emerging as a significant actor in cyberspace with both its military and clandestine organizations gaining the ability to conduct cyber operations. However, there is no comprehensive standard literature about North Korea’s cyber capabilities that takes an integrated view of the topic. Existing research is fragmented in pockets of strategic, technical, and policy pieces, though no individual study reaches far enough to create a standard reference document about North Korea’s cyber capabilities. This report aims to fill this void, integrating Korean and English language information sources, existing work in each respective field, and creating a foundation for future deeper research.

James Andrew Lewis
Senior Vice President; Pritzker Chair; and Director, Strategic Technologies Program
Victor Cha
Senior Vice President for Asia and Korea Chair

Jenny Jun, Scott LaFoy and Ethan Sohn