Public Health and International Security: The Case of India
July 31, 2006
For the past three years, the HIV/AIDS Task Force of the Center for Strategic and International Studies has been examining the HIV/AIDS epidemic in India, and particularly, U.S. policy dealing with that epidemic. A high-level delegation visited India in January 2004. Since then, a few elements of broad consensus on HIV/AIDS policy have emerged: that HIV/AIDS is one of the major question marks hanging over India's promising future; that changing the trajectory of the epidemic will require substantially more resources than are currently available; that, as in other countries, the response to HIV/AIDS cannot rely only on medical means and instruments but must include the social dimension as well; that India's size calls for a strategic approach from its central government and for a more widespread surveillance effort; and that India's decision to decentralize its HIV/AIDS program was a wise move and perhaps the only way to make room for tailor-made approaches that suit India's extraordinary diversity.