U.S.-Canada Energy Trade in 2019

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Energy is an integral part of the bilateral trade relationship between the United States and Canada, and an extensive network of cross-border pipelines and electricity transmission lines connect the two countries. Canada is the United States’ largest energy trade partner, and bilateral energy trade reached $119 billion in 2019, exceeding the 2018 total. Bilateral trade totals last year included 5.47 million barrels per day in crude oil and petroleum products, 10 billion cubic feet per day in natural gas, and 74 terawatt hours of electricity. Canada accounted for more than half of U.S. crude oil imports in 2019 and remained the largest recipient of U.S. crude oil exports.

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) Energy Security and Climate Change Program partnered with the Embassy of Canada in the United States to produce this map depicting energy trade between the two countries. The map illustrates the total energy trade for each U.S. state and Canadian province, broken down by imports and exports for various commodities. A timeline shows significant milestones in the U.S.-Canada energy trade relationship, including international agreements that have bolstered trade and energy connections. CSIS has updated this map annually since 2018.

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Ben Cahill
Senior Fellow, Energy Security and Climate Change Program