Earth Observation, Risk Assessment and Global Change: Implications for the Insurance and Aerospace Sectors
Global changes such as natural disasters, resource scarcity issues and climate change are at the nexus of a complex web of interactions among a vast range of both public and private sector stakeholders. Understanding, predicting, mitigating, and adapting to global change necessarily depends on long-term and continuous data acquisition combined with robust modeling and decision support tools. The entire chain of Earth observation capabilities – from data acquisition, to modeling to decision support – are critical to understanding, predicting and making business and policy decisions about such dramatic changes in the natural environment.
Therefore, the ability of not only governments but also the private sector to assess and manage the risks associated with the direct and indirect consequences of global change is critically dependent on Earth observations. Although such activities now have an increased potential for closer coordination at the international level, the future of global Earth observation is by no means certain. For example, the situation in the U.S, a leader in this field, is troubling at present. It is not certain that the U.S. will even be able to maintain its current Earth observation capabilities. The U.S. Government is not effectively organized to lead, plan, fund, and implement an Earth observation program configured to provide comprehensive support to decision makers on matters of global change.
To address these issues, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) initiated a project on Earth Observations and Global Change to engage the public, private sector, and science communities in a reflection on the future of Earth observation. The project began a dialogue to examine and asses the role and value of Earth observation, the state of current systems, and the gaps between requirements and current and planned capabilities. CSIS is now studying the possible strategies at the national and international levels and among both public and private sectors to accomplish the vision for Earth observations as defined in the working group discussions, including recommendations for roles and responsibilities at both the national and international levels.
As part of this further investigation, CSIS and Chatham House (the Royal Institute of International Affairs) co-hosted this event to examine the role and value of Earth observation data as a global public good. This event, held in conjunction with the Farnborough Air Show, brought together high-level participants from the public sector, scientific community and relevant industries to promote discussion and debate amongst the full range of Earth observation stakeholders with a view to promoting informed thinking and forward planning on Earth observation policies.
The role of insurance in the matter of risk assessment and management for enterprises faced with the direct and indirect consequences of Global change provides a valuable perspective on the many complex relationships associated with Global Change. For Earth observations to be an effective tool for addressing Global Change, the entire range of Global change stakeholders must be engaged to discover the business, policy, and legal models that must be adapted and created to facilitate the goals of Earth observation public policy.
Ms. Lindene Patton
Climate Product Officer, Zurich Financial Services
Panel 1: Financial, Insurance and Reinsurance Communities
It is difficult to underestimate pervasiveness of influences on and impacts of Global Change. Earth observation is critical in managing and assessing the risks associated with Global change issues. These factors illustrate the sheer number of stakeholders to whom Earth observation is – either knowingly or unknowingly – of critical importance.
Mr. Barend van Bergen
Director, KPMG Sustainability
Mr. Trevor Maynard
Manager, Emerging Risks, Lloyd’s of London
Mr. Man W Cheung
Principal Consultant & Service Leader, Modeling Analysis and Design, Marsh Ltd.
Panel 2: Scientific and Modeling Communities
At a more practical level, the ability to assess and manage risk associated with global change is strongly dependent on the accuracy and timeliness of input provided by Earth observation decision support tools, modeling, and data. Yet, even while the consequences of global change are projected to grow more severe, public policy failures may jeopardize the Earth observations infrastructure.
Dr. Shree Khare
Lead Catastrophe Risk Modeler, Risk Management Solutions, Ltd.
Professor Sir David King
Director of the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment, Oxford University
previously Chief Scientific Adviser and Head of the Government Office of Science, UK
Panel 3: Aerospace and Space Industry Communities
By virtue of the importance of space-based observation and other sensors to Earth observation, the aerospace industry has an important role as stakeholder in discussion of global change. In particular, technological bounds of the current and future state future of Earth observation, can be well understood and addressed in the Earth observation public policy creation process, provided that the aerospace community is substantially involved at an early stage.
Dr. Alexis Livanos
Vice President, Northrop Grumman Corporation
President, Northrop Grumman Space Technology
Mr. Mike Keebaugh
Vice President, Raytheon
President, Raytheon Intelligence and Information Systems
Panel 4: Political and Policy Communities
The nature of Earth observation data and its utility in addressing issues of global change combine to suggest that there are a range of new legal and regulatory regimes and business and social models which will need to be explored. The ability to engage with a sufficiently broad range of stakeholders early and effectively in the policy creation process will be a key challenge for the public sector in addressing both Earth observation and global change.
Mr. Greg Withee
Senior Advisor to the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the Undersecretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere
Dr. Peter Stott
Head Climate Monitoring and Attribution, Met Office Hadley Centre
Mr. Giovanni Rum
Senior Programme Officer, Disasters, GEONETCast, Science and Technology Committee, and Working Group on Tsunami Activities. Group on Earth Observations