The TUTAP Interconnection Concept and CASA-1000
The Central Asian states possess abundant energy resources, while Afghanistan and Pakistan face energy deficits and must import electricity to meet domestic demands. Thus, trade in electricity between these states, in which the resources of the former would help address the energy deficits of the latter, would be universally beneficial – with significant implications for the region. However, the infrastructure necessary to promote such trade, or lack thereof, remains a critical obstacle.
Both the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank (WB) are working to develop the infrastructure necessary to promote trade in electricity between these countries. ADB will describe its “TUTAP” (Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan) concept under which multiple, distinct projects work to open up new markets by building transmission lines to supply power at lower costs, increase energy security and energy efficiency within the region, and provide for competition in the Central and South Asian regional electricity market. Similarly, the WB will describe its CASA-1000 project, which will provide transmission lines to enable summer surplus hydroelectric power from the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan to be exported to energy deficit Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Director, Energy Division, Central and West Asia Department, The Asian Development Bank
Sector Manager, Energy, Europe and Central Asia Region, The World Bank
Fatema Z. Sumar
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs, U.S. Department of State
Andrew C. Kuchins
Director and Senior Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Program, CSIS