Annie Pforzheimer is a non-resident associate with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). A recently retired career diplomat with the personal rank of minister counselor, Annie was the acting deputy assistant secretary of state for Afghanistan until March 2019, and from 2017-2018, she was the deputy chief of mission in Kabul. With a focus on security, rule of law, and human rights during a 30-year career in the Foreign Service, Annie directed the implementation of the 2014 U.S. Strategy for Engagement in Central America at the National Security Council. She was the director for the Office of Andean Affairs in the Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs during Colombia’s peace process and the emerging Venezuela crisis (2015-2017); the Bureau of International Organization Affairs’ Office of Peace Support Operations, Sanctions, and Counterterrorism; and the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs’ Office for Civilian Police and Rule of Law. She also directed the Mérida Initiative in Mexico City and was the political counselor at the U.S. Embassy in Afghanistan and El Salvador. She is a graduate of Harvard University and holds an M.A. in security studies from the National War College and speaks Spanish and some Dari.