Dr. Ivan Safranchuk graduated in 1998 from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) and in 2003 received the degree of candidate of sciences (the Russian equivalent of a Ph.D) from Academy of Military Sciences, where his work focused on post-Cold War nuclear strategy. From 1997 to 2001, he worked at the PIR Center for Policy Studies, including as director of the Nuclear Arms Control Project. In July 2001, he opened CDI Moscow, a Russia-based branch of the U.S.-based think tank the Center for Defense Information; it was renamed the World Security Institute (WSI) in 2006. Since 2008, Dr. Safranchuk has served as an adviser to WSI while focusing on his private consulting work. Dr. Safranchuk runs LaTUK, a consulting firm he founded in 2007 that specializes in energy, security, and other policy questions in Central Asia and other neighboring regions. Since 2007, he has published a magazine entitled Great Game: Politics, Business, and Security in Central Asia. Since 2003, he has lectured at MGIMO in Moscow. Over the past eight years, Dr. Safranchuk has been involved in many projects related to Central Asia and Afghanistan. This includes research projects for Russian, U.S., and European organizations, and also for international organizations, including the UN (UNDP and ESCAP). In August and September 2014, Dr. Safranchuk was part of the UN advisory group that supervised the audit of the second round of presidential elections in Afghanistan. He has authored publications on nuclear strategy and arms control, non-proliferation, Central Asia, and Afghanistan.