Monette Zard provides strategic advice to foundations and nongovernmental organizations on global human rights issues. From 2007 to 2012, she served as a program officer for human rights at the Ford Foundation in New York, managing and investing Foundation resources of approximately $10 million a year. Prior to joining the Foundation, she was research director at the International Council on Human Rights Policy in Geneva, Switzerland, a think tank focused on applied human rights research. Her work there explored issues of political violence and the human rights obligations of armed groups, economic and social rights, human smuggling, as well as the accountability of human rights organizations. From 2000 to 2003, she was a policy analyst at the Migration Policy Institute in Washington, D.C., and held a visiting research fellowship in law at the Refugee Studies Centre at Oxford University. From 1997 to 2000, she directed the international refugee work of the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, where she focused on the use of legal remedies and approaches to strengthen refugee protection in Africa, as well as how international law should deal with refugees and asylum seekers accused of committing serious international crimes. She has consulted on international human rights and forced migration issues for a number of organizations, including Amnesty International, the Brookings Institution, Human Rights Watch, and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. Ms. Zard holds a law degree from Cambridge University and a master’s degree in international relations and Middle East studies from the School of Advanced International Studies at John Hopkins University.