France’s Pension Reforms, E-Fuels Spat, and Elections in Finland and Bulgaria

Max and Donatienne discuss the recent protests in France following President Macron’s controversial pension reform. They then cover the spat over the European Union’s e-fuels regulation, which roiled a recent European Council summit in Stockholm. Finally, they preview upcoming elections in Finland and Bulgaria, which could have implications for continued support to Ukraine, EU enlargement, and the bloc’s future democratic resilience. 

Learn more: Finland | 2023 Elections | CSIS 

Max Bergmann
Director, Europe, Russia, and Eurasia Program and Stuart Center
Donatienne Ruy
Director, Executive Education and Abshire-Inamori Leadership Academy, and Fellow, Europe, Russia, and Eurasia Program