This book would not have been possible without invaluable contributions from a distinguished group of international policy practitioners and experts. The project’s advisory board offered continued guidance and substantive feedback to the research team throughout the project. Members included Professor Henri Barkey, the Bernard L. and Bertha F. Cohen Professor of International Relations at Lehigh University; General (ret.) Wesley Clark, CEO of Wesley K. Clark & Associates and NATO’s former supreme allied commander; Ambassador Marc Grossman, vice chairman of the Cohen Group and former undersecretary of state for political affairs; Dr. Claudia Hofmann, a professorial lecturer at the School of International Service at American University; Ambassador Beth Jones, an adviser with ExxonMobil and former assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian affairs; Clare Lockhart, director and co-founder of the Institute for State Effectiveness; Ambassador Princeton Lyman, senior adviser to the president of the United States Institute of Peace and former U.S. special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan; Dr. Jodi Nelson, senior vice president for policy and practice at the International Rescue Committee; Ambassador Thomas Pickering, vice chair of Hills & Company and former undersecretary of state for political affairs; Ambassador David Pressman, partner at Boies, Schiller, & Flexner and former deputy U.S. ambassador to the United Nations; Professor Nicholas Sambanis, presidential distinguished professor of political science at the University of Pennsylvania; Ambassador Alan Solomont, the Pierre and Pamela Omidyar Dean of the Tisch College of Civic Life at Tufts University and former U.S. ambassador to Spain; and Anne Witkowsky, former deputy assistant secretary of defense for stability and humanitarian affairs in the office of the undersecretary of defense for policy.
Special appreciation is extended to Dr. Molly Inman for her invaluable assistance with the quantitative section, to Professor Stephen Saideman, Rick Scott, and Ambassador Molly Phee for their helpful comments on the case studies, to Haim Malka for his thoughtful feedback, and to Susan Bennett for editing the case studies. We are also grateful to Brian Adeba for his contributions.
Additionally, particular credit and a great deal of thanks goes to the following contributors: Emily Grunewald, Caroline Amenabar, Abby Kukura, Amber Atteridge, Aaron Ach, Sumaya Almajdoub, Razieh Armin, Caroline Bechtel, Mark Berlin, Aaron Christensen, Kerry Dugandzic, Claire Harrison, Jonathan Thrall, and Ben Westfall.
We are grateful to the CSIS Brzezinski Institute on Geostrategy for its generous support of this study and to CSIS Trustee Fred Khosravi for his intellectual guidance and financial support.
Although this book benefited greatly from the guidance of numerous individuals, the content is the sole responsibility of the authors and should not be construed to represent the opinions of anyone associated with the project. Any remaining mistakes are the sole responsibility of the authors.
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