This report assesses current U.S. government actions in responding to gray zone activities and provides recommendations aimed at improving U.S. national security in the presence of rivals’ gray zone approaches..
Gray zone campaigns are challenging given that warning requires detection of a weak signal through global noise and across threat vectors and regional boundaries. Thus, warning in the gray zone means identifying and assessing new patterns throughout new sources of data.
During the Cold War, both the United States and the Soviet Union engaged in gray zone activity. Understanding how the United States organized—and re-organized—itself from 1947 to 1989 is critical in approaching the gray zone challenges faced today.
Several challenges emerged that threated the viability of many U.S. solar power companies, including First Solar, Inc. This case study examines the decisions made by First Solar to remain viable in a volatile market and looks at lessons to apply to gray zone challenges.
Since 1979, relations between Iran and Israel deteriorated into a decades-long gray zone competition, which continues today. This case study examines the organizational and policy shifts made by Israel between the First Gulf War and 2015.
Russia has become expert in using non-military activities in the “gray zone” to wage battles that help it achieve its security goals. CSIS’s Kathleen Hicks argues that the United States must leverage its strategic advantages and mount a campaign to fight back.
This new CSIS report argues that with U.S. competitors increasingly operating in the gray zone between routine statecraft and open war, the United States must develop a campaign plan to deal with the gray zone challenge.
This new CSIS report highlights the major themes and points of tension discussed at the 2018 GSP Workshop. It also includes insightful findings and recommendations and offers initial policy prescriptions to advance U.S. competitiveness against gray zone challenges.
In a new CQ piece, Michael Matlaga and John Schaus from CSIS International Security Program explain the “gray zone” and the United States’ current readiness to compete in this space as it continues to face an array of challenges from adversaries.
The United States Commission on National Security in the 21st Century (better known as the Hart-Rudman Commission) darkly concluded that “Americans will likely die on American soil, possibly in large numbers.”
U.S. leadership in an era of gray zone competition will require more than the largest economy or strongest military. National security begins at home and the United States must reinvigorate confidence in its institutions, its leaders, and its policy approaches.