Northeast Nigeria

Nigeria represents one of the United States’ most important relationships in Africa. Despite U.S. security sector and humanitarian assistance programs, 10 years of violent insurgency in northeast Nigeria have led to massive humanitarian needs for more than 7 million people, and the crisis shows no signs of abating. Ongoing restrictions by the government of Nigeria on humanitarian action threaten U.S. policy goals of improved humanitarian outcomes and a reduction in the presence of violent terrorist organizations.

In May 2020, the Humanitarian Agenda created a range of written and multimedia publications to unpack challenges for humanitarian actors, the role of the United States and other donor institutions in meeting humanitarian needs, and the effectiveness of the Nigerian government’s response. Jacob Kurtzer provides concrete recommendations for mitigating the civilian impact of the conflict in northeast Nigeria.

Out of Sight: Northeast Nigeria's Humanitarian Crisis

May 11, 2020 | Jacob Kurtzer

Ten years of violent insurgency in northeast Nigeria have led to massive humanitarian needs, and the crisis shows no signs of abating. This report from the CSIS Humanitarian Agenda analyzes the challenges and opportunities for generating better humanitarian outcomes.

Philanthropy and the Humanitarian Crisis in Northeast Nigeria

May 13, 2020 | Judd Devermont
Nigeria’s philanthropists respond inconsistently to national crises. By examining the private sector’s robust Covid-19 pandemic intervention, this piece provides recommendations for a stronger multisectoral response to the humanitarian disaster in northeast Nigeria.


Conflict, Environmental Degradation, and Food Security in Northeast Nigeria

June 8, 2020 | Christian Man

Conflict arising from the Boko Haram insurgency, paired with decades of environmental degradation, has made livelihoods in northeast Nigeria among the most precarious in Africa. Private and public sector actors must prioritize rural economic investments.


Conduct Is the Key: Improving Civilian Protection in Nigeria

July 9, 2020 | Melissa Dalton

With ongoing violence in northeast Nigeria, CSIS’s Melissa Dalton analyzes the role of the Nigerian security forces in achieving an effective protection of civilians strategy and the role of donor and U.S. security assistance in shaping this relationship.

Nigeria's Garrison Towns

July 14, 2020 | Jacob Kurtzer

Violence from Boko Haram, the Islamic State of West Africa, and other groups in northeast Nigeria has led the Nigerian government to move civilian populations into easily safeguarded settings known as garrison towns. Jacob Kurtzer discusses growth trends within new settlements and the repercussions of these "super camps"