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Country Case Studies

CSIS prepared four country case studies in Brazil, India, Kazakhstan, and Nigeria, conducting a deep dive analysis of their labor markets. The case studies analyze the current world of work in each country and the trends looming on the horizon. The case studies are divided into three parts: Part one is a general description of the challenges and main drivers disrupting the labor market. Part two presents the sectors we believe will likely offer better employment and income opportunities in the next five years. Part three presents a set of policy recommendations for a variety of stakeholders that will help make the labor market more adaptable to the oncoming changes.

Between January and May 2018, a CSIS team traveled to these four countries and carried out a series of confidential and off-the-record interviews with a variety of stakeholders to get their perspectives on the future make-up of the world of work. CSIS met with professionals in government, the academic community, companies in rising sectors (technology, tourism), traditional sectors (energy, finance, automotive), trade associations, labor unions, and NGOs. Overall, the CSIS team met more than 100 institutions and 250 thought leaders in these four countries. CSIS also consulted a wide range of secondary sources and databases to conduct the case studies.

CSIS did not carry out a detailed survey, but posed a series of open-ended questions. The aim of the interviews was to get first hand perspectives from company executives, economists and thought leaders, to corroborate some of the findings from prior studies on the topic and at the same time, offer some new insights.

Interview questions included:

  1. What does the future of “work” in your country look like (5-10 years from now)?
  2. What are the key drivers of change in your country (good and bad)? What are the big unknowns?
  3. What do you see as the growing, stagnant, and declining sectors in your country? What type of jobs will be created? Which ones will disappear? Which will readapt?
  4. How will vulnerable groups be impacted: the poor without education, workers in stagnant industries, those in the informal sector, or the disabled?
  5. What skills and training (higher education vs. vocational training) will be needed to meet the work needs of the future labor market in your country?
  6. What is needed beyond skills training?
  7. How will artificial intelligence, technology, and the increasing presence of start-up companies change the way that people will work in your country? How will these things impact job opportunities and skills needed?
  8. How is your organization adapting or preparing (policies, programs, training, etc.) to meet the future of work?
  9. What are your overreaching recommendations to different stakeholders? How can they manage change? What’s working now? What’s not? What needs to change?
  10. What keeps you up at night about your country? What gives you hope?