Europe

The Europe, Russia, and Eurasia Program analyzes key aspects of Europe as both a vital strategic partner and a cornerstone of the global community, with additional research conducted by the International Security Program, Energy Security and Climate Change Program, and more.

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Photo: Contributor/Getty Images

Photo: Contributor/Getty Images

The Long Shadow: Russian Nuclear Calibration in the War in Ukraine

How have Russia’s nuclear narratives evolved over the course of the war in Ukraine? To address this question and evaluate future nuclear risks, the CSIS Project on Nuclear Issues conducted a study on Russian nuclear signaling during the first 18 months of the war.

Brief by Heather Williams, Kelsey Hartigan, Lachlan MacKenzie, and Reja Younis — February 23, 2024

Spotlight on Crises Crossroads: Ukraine


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Photo: OLGA MALTSEVA/AFP via Getty Images

Photo: OLGA MALTSEVA/AFP via Getty Images

What Does Russia’s ‘Partial Mobilization’ Mean?

Putin’s announcement of partial mobilization on September 21 signaled a major escalation of the war. Although the mobilization faces many problems, it might allow the Russians to stretch the war into the winter, when they hope the Europeans, facing hardship, will settle.

Commentary by Mark F. Cancian — September 26, 2022

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Max Bergmann
Director, Europe, Russia, and Eurasia Program and Stuart Center
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Sean Monaghan
Visiting Fellow, Europe, Russia and Eurasia Program