Defense and Military

Image
Birds-eye-view of Chinese research ship sailing through ocean

CCTV+ via Getty Images

Surveying the Seas: China’s Dual-Use Research Operations in the Indian Ocean

China is deploying dozens of civilian vessels to survey the world’s oceans. While these ships support scientific and commercial objectives, they can also help China’s navy understand the maritime environment as it ventures into less familiar waters like the Indian Ocean.

Digital Report by Matthew P. Funaiole, Brian Hart, and Aidan Powers-Riggs — January 10, 2024

Image
A satellite view of the Bay of Bengal coastline

Submarine Diplomacy

Digital Report by Matthew P. Funaiole, Brian Hart, Aidan Powers-Riggs, and Jennifer Jun — November 17, 2023